Evidence

COVID-19 and Mental Health

Asmundson, G. J. G., & Taylor, S. (2020, Apr). How health anxiety influences responses to viral outbreaks like COVID-19: What all decision-makers, health authorities, and health care professionals need to know. J Anxiety Disord, 71, 102211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102211

Chen, Q., Liang, M., Li, Y., Guo, J., Fei, D., Wang, L., He, L., Sheng, C., Cai, Y., Li, X., Wang, J., & Zhang, Z. (2020, Apr). Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e15-e16. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30078-X

Corruble, E. (2020, Mar 31). A Viewpoint From Paris on the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Necessary Turn to Telepsychiatry. J Clin Psychiatry, 81(3). https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.20com13361

Druss, B. G. (2020). Addressing the COVID-19 Pandemic in Populations With Serious Mental Illness. JAMA Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.0894

Fiorillo, A., & Gorwood, P. (2020, Apr 1). The consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and implications for clinical practice. Eur Psychiatry, 63(1), e32. https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.35

Ho, C. S., Chee, C. Y., & Ho, R. C. (2020, Jan). Mental Health Strategies to Combat the Psychological Impact of COVID-19 Beyond Paranoia and Panic. Ann Acad Med Singapore, 49(1), 1-3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32200399

Holmes, E. A., O’Connor, R. C., Perry, V. H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C., Christensen, H., Cohen Silver, R., Everall, I., Ford, T., John, A., Kabir, T., King, K., Madan, I., Michie, S., Przybylski, A. K., Shafran, R., Sweeney, A., Worthman, C. M., Yardley, L., Cowan, K., Cope, C., Hotopf, M., & Bullmore, E. (2020, 2020/04/15/). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1

Kavoor, A. R. (2020, 2020/06/01/). COVID-19 in People with Mental Illness: Challenges and Vulnerabilities. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 102051. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102051

Kavoor, A. R., Chakravarthy, K., & John, T. (2020, Apr 8). Remote consultations in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: Preliminary experience in a regional Australian public acute mental health care setting. Asian J Psychiatr, 51, 102074. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102074

Lima, C. K. T., Carvalho, P. M. M., Lima, I., Nunes, J., Saraiva, J. S., de Souza, R. I., da Silva, C. G. L., & Neto, M. L. R. (2020, Mar 12). The emotional impact of Coronavirus 2019-nCoV (new Coronavirus disease). Psychiatry Res, 287, 112915. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112915

Titov, N., Staples, L., Kayrouz, R., Cross, S., Karin, E., Ryan, K., Dear, B., Nielssen, O. (2020, Jul). Rapid report: Early demand, profiles and concerns of mental health users during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Internet Interventions, 21, 100327.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100327

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020, Mar 6). Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 17(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051729

Yang, Y., Li, W., Zhang, Q., Zhang, L., Cheung, T., & Xiang, Y. T. (2020, Apr). Mental health services for older adults in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e19. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30079-1

Yao, H., Chen, J. H., & Xu, Y. F. (2020, Apr). Patients with mental health disorders in the COVID-19 epidemic. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e21. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30090-0

Zandifar, A., & Badrfam, R. (2020, Mar 4). Iranian mental health during the COVID-19 epidemic. Asian J Psychiatr, 51, 101990. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.101990

Zhai, Y., & Du, X. (2020, Apr). Mental health care for international Chinese students affected by the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e22. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30089-4

Zhou, X., Snoswell, C. L., Harding, L. E., Bambling, M., Edirippulige, S., Bai, X., & Smith, A. C. (2020, Mar 23). The Role of Telehealth in Reducing the Mental Health Burden from COVID-19. Telemed J E Health. https://doi.org/10.1089/tmj.2020.0068

 

COVID-19 and Online / Digital Resources

Banskota, S., Healy, M., & Goldberg, E. M. (2020, Apr 14). 15 Smartphone Apps for Older Adults to Use While in Isolation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. West J Emerg Med. https://doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2020.4.47372

Cosic, K., Popovic, S., Sarlija, M., & Kesedzic, I. (2020, Spring). Impact of Human Disasters and COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health: Potential of Digital Psychiatry. Psychiatr Danub, 32(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.24869/psyd.2020.25

Liu, S., Yang, L., Zhang, C., Xiang, Y. T., Liu, Z., Hu, S., & Zhang, B. (2020, Apr). Online mental health services in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(4), e17-e18. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30077-8

Newby, J. M., & McElroy, E. (2020, 2020/01/01/). The impact of internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for health anxiety on cyberchondria. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 69, 102150. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.102150

Torous, J., Jän Myrick, K., Rauseo-Ricupero, N., & Firth, J. (2020, 2020/3/26). Digital Mental Health and COVID-19: Using Technology Today to Accelerate the Curve on Access and Quality Tomorrow. JMIR Ment Health, 7(3), e18848. https://doi.org/10.2196/18848

Wind, T. R., Rijkeboer, M., Andersson, G., & Riper, H. (2020, 2020/04/01/). The COVID-19 pandemic: The ‘black swan’ for mental health care and a turning point for e-health. Internet Interventions, 20, 100317. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2020.100317

 

COVID-19 and Suicide Prevention

Courtet, P., Olie, E., Debien, C., & Vaiva, G. (2020, Apr 14). Keep Socially (but Not Physically) Connected and Carry on: Preventing Suicide in the Age of COVID-19. J Clin Psychiatry, 81(3). https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.20com13370

Mamun, M. A., & Griffiths, M. D. (2020, Apr 7). First COVID-19 suicide case in Bangladesh due to fear of COVID-19 and xenophobia: Possible suicide prevention strategies. Asian J Psychiatr, 51, 102073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102073

Monteith, L. L., Holliday, R., Brown, T. L., Brenner, L. A., & Mohatt, N. V. (2020, Apr 13). Preventing Suicide in Rural Communities During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Rural Health. https://doi.org/10.1111/jrh.12448

Reger, M. A., Stanley, I. H., & Joiner, T. E. (2020). Suicide Mortality and Coronavirus Disease 2019—A Perfect Storm? JAMA Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.1060

 

 

Edwards, D & Singer J (2020). “Just ‘cause you make it look black, doesn’t make it black’: why the WellMob site was launched. Croakey independent, in-depth social journalism for health.

Raphiphatthana B, Sweet M, Puszka S, Dingwall K, Nagel, T (2020). Evaluation of a three-phase implementation program in enhancing e-mental health adoption within Indigenous primary healthcare organisations. BMC Health Services Research. 20. 10.1186/s12913

Raphiphatthana B, Sweet M, Puszka S, Whitty M, Dingwall K, Nagel T. (2019). Evaluation of e-mental health implementation in Northern Territory services using the i-PARIHS framework. JMIR Mental Health. 7. 10.2196/14835.

Sturk, H., Crowther, R. & Kavanagh D.J. (2019). Head to health: Practitioner views of the digital mental health gateway. Aust. J. Rural Health. 27:448-453. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajr.12574

Batterham, P. J., Calear, A. L., O’Dea, B., Larsen, M. E., J Kavanagh, D., Titov, N., … Gorman, P. (2019). Stakeholder perspectives on evidence for digital mental health interventions: Implications for accreditation systems. Digital health, 5, 2055207619878069. doi:10.1177/2055207619878069

Orman, J. (2018). e-Therapy in primary care mental health. Aust. J. General Practice, Vol. 4, No. 4, April.

Orman, J. (2018). Try Psychological Therapy First for Mild Depression. The Medical Republic, 12 February.

Orman, J. (2018). Stepped care and e-mental health tools. Integration into general practice. Medicine Today, Vol. 19, no. 7, July 2018.

Orman, J. (2018). Mental Health is every doctor’s business. Medical Journal of Australia – Insight, 1 October 2018.Orman, J. in Machocha J. (2017). Book Chapter 15 e-mental Health Programs and Interventions (pg. 223-237). Nurturing Young Minds: Mental Wellbeing in the Digital Age.

Orman, J. in Machocha J. (2017). Book Chapter 15 e-mental Health Programs and Interventions (pg. 223-237). Nurturing Young Minds: Mental Wellbeing in the Digital Age.

Orman, J. (2017). E-mental Health for Psychological Distress in University Students: A narrative synthesis evidence and practice. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, Volume 3, Issue 3, December, Special Edition: Mental Health

Bird, J., Rotumah, D., Bennett-Levy, J. & Singer, J., (2017). Publication diversity in e-mental health practice: an exploratory qualitative study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander service providers. JMIR Mental Health, 4(2):e17.

Bennett-Levy, J., Singer, J., DuBois, S., Hyde, K. (2017). Translating e-mental health in practice: What are the barriers and enablers to e-mental health implementation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health professionals. JMIR, 19(1):e1 URL: http://www.jmir.org/2017/1/e1/
doi:10.2196/jmir.6269

Puszka, S., Dingwall, K., Sweet, M., Nagel, T. (2016) e-Mental health innovations for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: A qualitative study of implementation needs. 3(3):e43.

Povey J., Patj Patj Janama Robert Mills, Dingwall K., Lowell A., Singer J., Rotumah D., Bennett-Levy J., Nagel, T. (2016). Acceptability of Mental Health Apps for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: A Qualitative Study. J Med Internet Res 2016;18(3):e65

Singer, J., Bennett-Levy, J., & Rotumah, D., (2015). “You didn’t just consult community, you involved us”: Transformation of a ‘top down’ Aboriginal mental health project into a ‘bottom up’ community-driven process. Australasian Psychiatry, 23(6), 614–619.

Reynolds, J., Griffiths, L., Cunningham, J.A., Bennet, K., Bennet, A. (2015). Clinical Practice Models for the Use of E-Mental Health Resources in Primary Health Care by Health Professionals and Peer Workers: A Conceptual Framework. Journal for Medical Internet Research JMIR Mental Health (23 March); 2(1):e6 Prog Report 4

Dingwall, K., Puzska, S., Sweet, M. & Nagel, T. (2015). “Like Drawing Into Sand”: Acceptability, Feasibility, and Appropriateness of a New e-Mental Health resource for service providers working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Australian Psychologist. Vol. 50, (60-69)

Dingwall, K.M., Puszka, S., Sweet, M., Mills, P.P.J.R. & Nagel, T. (2015). Evaluation of a culturally adapted training course in Indigenous e-Mental Health. Australasian Psychiatry Vol. 23 (6)

 

Bite Back

Burckhardt, Rowan; Manicavasagar, Vijaya; Batterham, Philip J.; Miller, Leonie M.; Talbot, Elizabeth; Lum, Alistair; A Web-Based Adolescent Positive Psychology Program in Schools: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol 17(7), Jul, 2015 Publisher: Gunther Eysenbach.

Manicavasagar, Vijaya; Horswood, Deserae; Burckhardt, Rowan; Lum, Alistair; Hadzi-Pavlovic, Dusan; Parker, Gordon; Feasibility and effectiveness of a web-based positive psychology program for youth mental health: randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, Vol 16(6), Jun, 2014 pp. 23-39. Publisher: Gunther Eysenbach.

Brave

Conaughton, R. J., et al. (2017). “Efficacy of an Internet-based CBT program for children with comorbid high functioning autism spectrum disorder and anxiety: A randomised controlled trial.” Journal of Affective Disorders 218: 260-268.

Donovan, C. L., et al. (2013). Using new technologies to deliver cognitive behaviour therapy with children and adolescents. Cognitive behaviour therapy for children and families., 3rd ed. P. Graham and S. Reynolds. New York, NY, Cambridge University Press: 351-370.

Donovan, C. L., et al. (2017). “Does an online CBT program for anxiety impact upon sleep problems in anxious youth?” Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 46(2): 211-221.

March, S., et al. (2014). Internet treatment of youth. The Wiley handbook of anxiety disorders, Volume I: Theory and research; Volume II: Clinical assessment and treatment. P. Emmelkamp and T. Ehring, Wiley-Blackwell: 1297-1309

March, S., et al. (2018). “Large-scale dissemination of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for youth anxiety: Feasibility and acceptability study.” Journal of Medical Internet Research 20(7).

Moor S, Williman J, Drummond S, Fulton C, Mayes W, Ward N, Dovenberg E, Whitaker C, Stasiak K. ‘E’ therapy in the community: Examination of the uptake and effectiveness of BRAVE (a self-help computer programme for anxiety in children and adolescents) in primary care. Internet Interv. 2019 May 3;18:100249. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2019.100249. PMID: 31890607; PMCID: PMC6926167.

Spence, S. H., Donovan, C. L., March, S., Gamble, A., Anderson, R., Prosser, S., . . . Kenardy, J. (2008). Online CBT in the Treatment of Child and Adolescent Anxiety Disorders: Issues in the Development of BRAVE–ONLINE and Two Case Illustrations. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36(4), 411-430. doi: 10.1017/S135246580800444X

Spence, S. H., Donovan, C. L., March, S., Gamble, A., Anderson, R. E., Prosser, S., & Kenardy, J. (2011). A randomized controlled trial of online versus clinic-based CBT for adolescent anxiety. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, 79(5), 629. doi: 10.1037/a0024512

Stasiak, K., et al. (2018). “Delivering solid treatments on shaky ground: Feasibility study of an online therapy for child anxiety in the aftermath of a natural disaster.” Psychotherapy Research 28(4): 643-653.

Stephens D, Peterson R, Singer M, Johnson J, Rushing SC, Kelley A. Recruiting and Engaging American Indian and Alaska Native Teens and Young Adults in a SMS Help-Seeking Intervention: Lessons Learned from the BRAVE Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Dec 16;17(24):9437. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17249437. PMID: 33339260; PMCID: PMC7765783.

E-Couch

Bennett, K., Reynolds, J., Christensen, H., & Griffiths, K. M. (2010). e-hub: an online self-help mental health service in the community. Med J Aust, 192(11 Suppl), S48-52. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20528710

Calear, A. L., Batterham, P. J., Poyser, C. T., Mackinnon, A. J., Griffiths, K. M., & Christensen, H. (2016). Cluster randomised controlled trial of the e-couch Anxiety and Worry program in schools. Journal of Affective Disorders, 196, 210-217. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.02.049

Calear AL, Christensen H, Brewer J, Mackinnon A, Griffiths KM. A pilot randomized controlled trial of the e-couch anxiety and worry program in schools. Internet Interv. 2016 Aug 17;6:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2016.08.003. PMID: 30135808; PMCID: PMC6096312.

Calear AL, Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Mackinnon A. The Y-Worri Project: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2013 Mar 19;14:76. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-76. PMID: 23506049; PMCID: PMC3618242.

Christensen H, Batterham P, Mackinnon A, Griffiths KM, Kalia Hehir K, Kenardy J, Gosling J, Bennett K. Prevention of generalized anxiety disorder using a web intervention, iChill: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res. 2014 Sep 2;16(9):e199. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3507. PMID: 25270886; PMCID: PMC4211086.

Christensen, H., et al. (2010). “Protocol for a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of an online e health application for the prevention of generalised anxiety disorder.” BMC Psychiatry 10.

Crisp DA, Griffiths KM. Reducing Depression Through an Online Intervention: Benefits From a User Perspective. JMIR Ment Health. 2016 Jan 8;3(1):e4. doi: 10.2196/mental.4356. PMID: 26747378; PMCID: PMC4723724.

Donker, T., Batterham, P. J., Warmerdam, L., Bennett, K., Bennett, A., Cuijpers, P., . . . Christensen, H. (2013). Predictors and moderators of response to internet-delivered Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for depression. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 343-351. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.06.020

Donker T, Bennett K, Bennett A, Mackinnon A, van Straten A, Cuijpers P, Christensen H, Griffiths KM. Internet-delivered interpersonal psychotherapy versus internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with depressive symptoms: randomized controlled noninferiority trial. J Med Internet Res. 2013 May 13;15(5):e82. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2307. PMID: 23669884; PMCID: PMC3668608.

Donkin, L., & Glozier, N. (2012). Motivators and motivations to persist with online psychological interventions: a qualitative study of treatment completers. J Med Internet Res, 14(3), e91. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2100

Donkin, L., et al. (2013). “Rethinking the dose-response relationship between usage and outcome in an online intervention for depression: Randomized controlled trial.” Journal of Medical Internet Research 15(10): 67-80.

Glozier, N., Christensen, H., Naismith, S., Cockayne, N., Donkin, L., Neal, B., . . . Hickie, I. (2013). Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for adults with mild to moderate depression and high cardiovascular disease risks: a randomised attention-controlled trial. PLoS One, 8(3), e59139. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059139

Griffiths, K., Bennett, A., Brittliffe, K., & Christensen, H. (2006). e-couch: the mother of all emental health web sites. Acta Neuropsychiatr, 18(6), 290. doi: 10.1017/S0924270800031264

Griffiths KM, Mackinnon AJ, Crisp DA, Christensen H, Bennett K, Farrer L. The effectiveness of an online support group for members of the community with depression: a randomised controlled trial. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e53244. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053244. Epub 2012 Dec 28. PMID: 23285271; PMCID: PMC3532446.10.1017/S0924270800031264

Powell J, Atherton H, Williams V, Martin A, Bennett K, Bennett A, Mollison J, Yu LM, Yang Y, Locock L, Davoudianfar M, Griffiths KM. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a fully self-guided internet-based intervention for sub-clinical social anxiety symptoms: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Digit Health. 2017 Apr 10;3:2055207617702272. doi: 10.1177/2055207617702272. PMID: 29942591; PMCID: PMC6001207.

Mental Health Online

Eysenbach, G., Titov, N., Andrews, G., Klein, B., Meyer, D., Austin, D. W., & Kyrios, M. (2011). Anxiety Online—A Virtual Clinic: Preliminary Outcomes Following Completion of Five Fully Automated Treatment Programs for Anxiety Disorders and Symptoms. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13(4). doi: 10.2196/jmir.1918

MindSpot

Click here to access research results for MindSpot programs

MoodGym

Batterham, P. J., Neil, A. L., Bennett, K., Griffiths, K. M., & Christensen, H. (2008). Predictors of adherence among community users of a cognitive behavior therapy website. Patient Prefer Adherence, 2, 97-105.

Bennett, K., Reynolds, J., Christensen, H., & Griffiths, K. M. (2010). e-hub: an online self-help mental health service in the community. Med J Aust, 192(11 Suppl), S48-52. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20528710

Brabyn, S., Araya, R., Barkham, M., Bower, P., Cooper, C., Duarte, A., . . . Gilbody, S. (2016). The second Randomised Evaluation of the Effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and Acceptability of Computerised Therapy (REEACT-2) trial: does the provision of telephone support enhance the effectiveness of computer-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy? A randomised controlled trial. Health Technol Assess, 20(89), 1-64. doi: 10.3310/hta20890

Brijnath, B., Protheroe, J., Mahtani, K. R., & Antoniades, J. (2016). Do Web-based Mental Health Literacy Interventions Improve the Mental Health Literacy of Adult Consumers? Results From a Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res, 18(6), e165. doi: 10.2196/jmir.5463

Burns, J., & Birrell, E. (2014). Enhancing early engagement with mental health services by young people. Psychol Res Behav Manag, 7, 303-312. doi: 10.2147/PRBM.S49151

Calear, A. L., Christensen, H., Mackinnon, A., & Griffiths, K. M. (2013). Adherence to the MoodGYM program: outcomes and predictors for an adolescent school-based population. J Affect Disord, 147(1-3), 338-344. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2012.11.036

Calear, A. L., Christensen, H., Mackinnon, A., Griffiths, K. M., & O’Kearney, R. (2009). The YouthMood Project: a cluster randomized controlled trial of an online cognitive behavioral program with adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol, 77(6), 1021-1032. doi: 10.1037/a0017391

Christensen, H., Griffiths, K., Groves, C., & Korten, A. (2006). Free range users and one hit wonders: community users of an Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy program. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 40(1), 59-62. doi: 10.1080/j.1440-1614.2006.01743.x

Christensen, H., Griffiths, K. M., & Jorm, A. F. (2004). Delivering interventions for depression by using the internet: randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 328(7434), 265. doi: 10.1136/bmj.37945.566632.EE

Christensen, H., Griffiths, K. M., & Korten, A. (2002). Web-based cognitive behavior therapy: analysis of site usage and changes in depression and anxiety scores. J Med Internet Res, 4(1), e3. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4.1.e3

Christensen, H., Griffiths, K. M., Korten, A. E., Brittliffe, K., & Groves, C. (2004). A comparison of changes in anxiety and depression symptoms of spontaneous users and trial participants of a cognitive behavior therapy website. J Med Internet Res, 6(4), e46. doi: 10.2196/jmir.6.4.e46

Donker, T., Batterham, P. J., Warmerdam, L., Bennett, K., Bennett, A., Cuijpers, P., . . . Christensen, H. (2013). Predictors and moderators of response to internet-delivered Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Cognitive Behavior Therapy for depression. J Affect Disord, 151(1), 343-351. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2013.06.020

Donker, T., Bennett, K., Bennett, A., Mackinnon, A., van Straten, A., Cuijpers, P., . . . Griffiths, K. M. (2013). Internet-delivered interpersonal psychotherapy versus internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with depressive symptoms: randomized controlled noninferiority trial. J Med Internet Res, 15(5), e82. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2307

Dorow, M., Stein, J., Forster, F., Lobner, M., Franz, M., Gunther, R., . . . Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2018). [Implementation of the Internet-Based Self-Management Program “moodgym” in Patients with Depressive Disorders in Inpatient Clinical Settings – Patient and Expert Perspectives]. Psychiatr Prax, 45(5), 256-262. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-117049

Eells, T. D., Barrett, M. S., Wright, J. H., & Thase, M. (2014). Computer-assisted cognitive-behavior therapy for depression. Psychotherapy (Chic), 51(2), 191-197. doi: 10.1037/a0032406

Gilbody, S., Brabyn, S., Lovell, K., Kessler, D., Devlin, T., Smith, L., . . . collaborative, R. (2017). Telephone-supported computerised cognitive-behavioural therapy: REEACT-2 large-scale pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry, 210(5), 362-367. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.116.192435

Gilbody, S., Littlewood, E., Hewitt, C., Brierley, G., Tharmanathan, P., Araya, R., . . . Team, R. (2015). Computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (cCBT) as treatment for depression in primary care (REEACT trial): large scale pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 351, h5627. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h5627

Griffiths, K. M., & Christensen, H. (2007). Internet-based mental health programs: a powerful tool in the rural medical kit. Aust J Rural Health, 15(2), 81-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1584.2007.00859.x

Healey, B. J., Griffiths, K. M., & Bennett, K. (2017). The effect of programme testimonials on registrations for an online cognitive behaviour therapy intervention: a randomised trial. Digit Health, 3, 2055207617729937. doi: 10.1177/2055207617729937

Hoifodt, R. S., Lillevoll, K. R., Griffiths, K. M., Wilsgaard, T., Eisemann, M., Waterloo, K., & Kolstrup, N. (2013). The clinical effectiveness of web-based cognitive behavioral therapy with face-to-face therapist support for depressed primary care patients: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res, 15(8), e153. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2714

Hoifodt, R. S., Mittner, M., Lillevoll, K., Katla, S. K., Kolstrup, N., Eisemann, M., . . . Waterloo, K. (2015). Predictors of Response to Web-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With High-Intensity Face-to-Face Therapist Guidance for Depression: A Bayesian Analysis. J Med Internet Res, 17(9), e197. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4351

Iakimova, G., Dimitrova, S., & Burte, T. (2017). [Can we do therapy without a therapist? Active components of computer-based CBT for depression]. Encephale, 43(6), 582-593. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2016.08.006

Lillevoll, K. R., Vangberg, H. C., Griffiths, K. M., Waterloo, K., & Eisemann, M. R. (2014). Uptake and adherence of a self-directed internet-based mental health intervention with tailored e-mail reminders in senior high schools in Norway. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 14. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-14-14

Lintvedt, O. K., Griffiths, K. M., Eisemann, M., & Waterloo, K. (2013). Evaluating the translation process of an Internet-based self-help intervention for prevention of depression: a cost-effectiveness analysis. J Med Internet Res, 15(1), e18. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2422
Lobner, M., Stein, J., Rost, T., Forster, F., Dorow, M., Keller, J., . . . Riedel-Heller, S. G. (2017). [Innovative E-Health Approaches for Comorbid Depression in Patients with Obesity: Patient and Expert Perspectives on User Acceptance]. Psychiatr Prax, 44(5), 286-295. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-107471

Neil, A. L., Batterham, P., Christensen, H., Bennett, K., & Griffiths, K. M. (2009). Predictors of adherence by adolescents to a cognitive behavior therapy website in school and community-based settings. J Med Internet Res, 11(1), e6. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1050

O’Kearney, R., Gibson, M., Christensen, H., & Griffiths, K. M. (2006). Effects of a cognitive-behavioural internet program on depression, vulnerability to depression and stigma in adolescent males: a school-based controlled trial. Cogn Behav Ther, 35(1), 43-54. doi: 10.1080/16506070500303456

O’Kearney, R., Kang, K., Christensen, H., & Griffiths, K. (2009). A controlled trial of a school-based Internet program for reducing depressive symptoms in adolescent girls. Depress Anxiety, 26(1), 65-72. doi: 10.1002/da.20507

Phillips, R., Schneider, J., Molosankwe, I., Leese, M., Foroushani, P. S., Grime, P., . . . Thornicroft, G. (2014). Randomized controlled trial of computerized cognitive behavioural therapy for depressive symptoms: effectiveness and costs of a workplace intervention. Psychol Med, 44(4), 741-752. doi: 10.1017/S0033291713001323

Powell, J., Hamborg, T., Stallard, N., Burls, A., McSorley, J., Bennett, K., . . . Christensen, H. (2012). Effectiveness of a web-based cognitive-behavioral tool to improve mental well-being in the general population: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res, 15(1), e2. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2240

Rozbroj, T., Lyons, A., Pitts, M., Mitchell, A., & Christensen, H. (2015). Improving self-help e-therapy for depression and anxiety among sexual minorities: an analysis of focus groups with lesbians and gay men. J Med Internet Res, 17(3), e66. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4013

Topolovec-Vranic, J., Cullen, N., Michalak, A., Ouchterlony, D., Bhalerao, S., Masanic, C., & Cusimano, M. D. (2010). Evaluation of an online cognitive behavioural therapy program by patients with traumatic brain injury and depression. Brain Inj, 24(5), 762-772. doi: 10.3109/02699051003709599

Twomey, C., & O’Reilly, G. (2017). Effectiveness of a freely available computerised cognitive behavioural therapy programme (MoodGYM) for depression: Meta-analysis. Aust N Z J Psychiatry, 51(3), 260-269. doi: 10.1177/0004867416656258

Twomey, C., O’Reilly, G., Byrne, M., Bury, M., White, A., Kissane, S., . . . Clancy, N. (2014). A randomized controlled trial of the computerized CBT programme, MoodGYM, for public mental health service users waiting for interventions. Br J Clin Psychol, 53(4), 433-450. doi: 10.1111/bjc.12055

Wilhelmsen, M., Hoifodt, R. S., Kolstrup, N., Waterloo, K., Eisemann, M., Chenhall, R., & Risor, M. B. (2014). Norwegian general practitioners’ perspectives on implementation of a guided web-based cognitive behavioral therapy for depression: a qualitative study. J Med Internet Res, 16(9), e208. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3556

Wilhelmsen, M., Lillevoll, K., Risor, M. B., Hoifodt, R., Johansen, M. L., Waterloo, K., . . . Kolstrup, N. (2013). Motivation to persist with internet-based cognitive behavioural treatment using blended care: a qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 13, 296. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-13-296

My Compass

Clarke, J., Proudfoot, J., Whitton, A., Birch, M. R., Boyd, M., Parker, G., . . . Fogarty, A. (2016). Therapeutic Alliance With a Fully Automated Mobile Phone and Web-Based Intervention: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Ment Health, 3(1), e10. doi: 10.2196/mental.4656

Clarke, J., Vatiliotis, V., Verge, C. F., Holmes-Walker, J., Campbell, L. V., Wilhelm, K., & Proudfoot, J. (2015). A mobile phone and web-based intervention for improving mental well-being in young people with type 1 diabetes: design of a randomized controlled trial. JMIR Res Protoc, 4(2), e50. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4032

Clarke, J., Proudfoot, J., Birch, M.-R., Whitton, A., Parker, G., Manicavasagar, V., Harrison, V., Christensen, H., &Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. (2014). Effects of mental health self-efficacy on outcomes of a mobile phone and web intervention for mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety and stress: secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 14: 272.

Harrison, V., Proudfoot, J., Wee, P. P., Parker, G., Pavlovic, D. H., & Manicavasagar, V. (2011). Mobile mental health: review of the emerging field and proof of concept study. J Ment Health, 20(6), 509-524. doi: 10.3109/09638237.2011.608746

Nilsson, A., Sorman, K., Klingvall, J., Ovelius, E., Lundberg, J., & Hellner, C. (2019). MyCompass in a Swedish context – lessons learned from the transfer of a self-guided intervention targeting mental health problems. BMC Psychiatry, 19(1), 51. doi: 10.1186/s12888-019-2039-1

Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Birch, M. R., Whitton, A. E., Parker, G., Manicavasagar, V., . . . Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. (2013). Impact of a mobile phone and web program on symptom and functional outcomes for people with mild-to-moderate depression, anxiety and stress: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry, 13(312), 1-12. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-13-312

Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Gunn, J., Fletcher, S., Sanatkar, S., Wilhelm, K., . . . Christensen, H. (2017). A Web-Based Public Health Intervention to Reduce Functional Impairment and Depressive Symptoms in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes (The SpringboarD Trial): Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol. JMIR Res Protoc, 6(8), e145. doi: 10.2196/resprot.7348

Solomon, D., Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., & Christensen, H. (2015). e-CBT (myCompass), Antidepressant Medication, and Face-to-Face Psychological Treatment for Depression in Australia: A Cost-Effectiveness Comparison. J Med Internet Res, 17(11), e255. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4207

Whitton, A. E., Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Birch, M. R., Parker, G., Manicavasagar, V., & Hadzi-Pavlovic, D. (2015). Breaking Open the Black Box: Isolating the Most Potent Features of a Web and Mobile Phone-Based Intervention for Depression, Anxiety, and Stress. JMIR Ment Health, 2(1), e3. doi: 10.2196/mental.3573

Reach Out

Click here to access research results for ReachOut.

This Way Up

Click here to access research results for This Way Up.

Bennett-Levy, J., Singer, J., DuBois, S., & Hyde, K. (2017). Translating E-Mental Health Into Practice: What Are the Barriers and Enablers to E-Mental Health Implementation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Professionals. J Med Internet Res, 19(1), e1. doi: 10.2196/jmir.6269

Bird, J., Rotumah, D., Bennett-Levy, J., & Singer, J. (2017). Diversity in eMental Health Practice: An Exploratory Qualitative Study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Service Providers. JMIR Ment Health, 4(2), e17. doi: 10.2196/mental.7878

Dingwall, K. M., et al. (2015). “‘Like drawing into sand’: Acceptability, feasibility, and appropriateness of a new e-mental health resource for service providers working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.” Australian Psychologist 50(1): 60-69.

Puszka, S., et al. (2016). “E-Mental Health Innovations for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians: A Qualitative Study of Implementation Needs in Health Services.” JMIR Ment Health 3(3): e43.

Titov, N., et al. (2018). “A comparison of Indigenous and non-Indigenous users of MindSpot: an Australian digital mental health service.” Australas Psychiatry: 1039856218789784.

Andersson, G., Paxling, B., Wiwe, M., Vernmark, K., Felix, C. B., Lundborg, L., . . . Carlbring, P. (2012). Therapeutic alliance in guided internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment of depression, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder. Behav Res Ther, 50(9), 544-550. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2012.05.003

Berger, T. (2017). The therapeutic alliance in internet interventions: A narrative review and suggestions for future research. Psychother Res, 27(5), 511-524. doi: 10.1080/10503307.2015.1119908

Berry, K., Salter, A., Morris, R., James, S., & Bucci, S. (2018). Assessing Therapeutic Alliance in the Context of mHealth Interventions for Mental Health Problems: Development of the Mobile Agnew Relationship Measure (mARM) Questionnaire. J Med Internet Res, 20(4), e90. doi: 10.2196/jmir.8252

Beutel, M. E., Bohme, K., Banerjee, M., & Zwerenz, R. (2018). Psychodynamic Online Treatment Following Supportive Expressive Therapy (SET):Therapeutic Rationale, Interventions and Treatment Process. Z Psychosom Med Psychother, 64(2), 186-197. doi: 10.13109/zptm.2018.64.2.186

Carter, W., Fergus, K., Ahmad, S., McLeod, D., & Stephen, J. (2015). Defining the Role of the Online Therapeutic Facilitator: Principles and Guidelines Developed for Couplelinks, an Online Support Program for Couples Affected by Breast Cancer. JMIR Cancer, 1, e4. doi: 10.2196/cancer.3887

Childress, C. A. (2000). Ethical issues in providing online psychotherapeutic interventions. J Med Internet Res, 2(1), E5. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2.1.e5

Clarke, J., Proudfoot, J., Whitton, A., Birch, M. R., Boyd, M., Parker, G., . . . Fogarty, A. (2016). Therapeutic Alliance With a Fully Automated Mobile Phone and Web-Based Intervention: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Ment Health, 3(1), e10. doi: 10.2196/mental.4656

Hadjistavropoulos, H. D., Pugh, N. E., Hesser, H., & Andersson, G. (2017). Therapeutic Alliance in Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Depression or Generalized Anxiety. Clin Psychol Psychother, 24(2), 451-461. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2014

Henson, P., Peck, P., & Torous, J. (2019). Considering the Therapeutic Alliance in Digital Mental Health Interventions. Harv Rev Psychiatry. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000224

Henson, P., Wisniewski, H., Hollis, C., Keshavan, M., & Torous, J. (2019). Digital mental health apps and the therapeutic alliance: initial review. BJPsych Open, 5(1), e15. doi: 10.1192/bjo.2018.86

Montero-Marin, J., Carrasco, J. M., Roca, M., Serrano-Blanco, A., Gili, M., Mayoral, F., . . . Garcia-Campayo, J. (2013). Expectations, experiences and attitudes of patients and primary care health professionals regarding online psychotherapeutic interventions for depression: protocol for a qualitative study. BMC Psychiatry, 13, 64. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-13-64

Newman, M. G., Szkodny, L. E., Llera, S. J., & Przeworski, A. (2011). A review of technology-assisted self-help and minimal contact therapies for anxiety and depression: Is human contact necessary for therapeutic efficacy? Clinical Psychology Review, 31(1), 89-103. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2010.09.008

Pihlaja, S., Stenberg, J., Joutsenniemi, K., Mehik, H., Ritola, V., & Joffe, G. (2018). Therapeutic alliance in guided internet therapy programs for depression and anxiety disorders – A systematic review. Internet Interv, 11, 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2017.11.005

Sucala, M., Schnur, J., Constantino, M., Miller, S., Brackman, E., & Montgomery, G. (2012). The therapeutic relationship in e-therapy for mental health: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res, 14(4), e110. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2084

Andrews G, Basu A, Cuijpers P, Craske MG, McEvoy P, English CL, Newby JM. Computer therapy for the anxiety and depression disorders is effective, acceptable and practical health care: An updated meta-analysis. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2018; 55: 70-78.

Andersson, G., Cuijpers, P., Carlbring, P., Riper, H., & Hedman, E. (2014). Guided Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. World Psychiatry, 13(3), 288-295. doi: 10.1002/wps.20151

Beatty, L., & Binnion, C. (2016). A Systematic Review of Predictors of, and Reasons for, Adherence to Online Psychological Interventions. Int J Behav Med, 23(6), 776-794. doi: 10.1007/s12529-016-9556-9

Berry, N., Lobban, F., Emsley, R., & Bucci, S. (2016). Acceptability of Interventions Delivered Online and Through Mobile Phones for People Who Experience Severe Mental Health Problems: A Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res, 18(5), e121. doi: 10.2196/jmir.5250

Carlbring, P., Andersson, G., Cuijpers, P., Riper, H., & Hedman-Lagerlof, E. (2018). Internet-based vs. face-to-face cognitive behavior therapy for psychiatric and somatic disorders: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. Cogn Behav Ther, 47(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2017.1401115

Clarke, A. M., Kuosmanen, T., & Barry, M. M. (2015). A systematic review of online youth mental health promotion and prevention interventions. J Youth Adolesc, 44(1), 90-113. doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0165-0

Donker, T., Petrie, K., Proudfoot, J., Clarke, J., Birch, M. R., & Christensen, H. (2013). Smartphones for smarter delivery of mental health programs: a systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(11), e247. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2791

Firth, J., Torous, J., Nicholas, J., Carney, R., Pratap, A., Rosenbaum, S., & Sarris, J. (2017). The efficacy of smartphone-based mental health interventions for depressive symptoms: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. World Psychiatry, 16(3), 287-298. doi: 10.1002/wps.20472

Gehring, N. D., McGrath, P., Wozney, L., Soleimani, A., Bennett, K., Hartling, L., . . . Newton, A. S. (2017). Pediatric eMental healthcare technologies: a systematic review of implementation foci in research studies, and government and organizational documents. Implement Sci, 12(1), 76. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0608-6

Giroux, I., Goulet, A., Mercier, J., Jacques, C., & Bouchard, S. (2017). Online and Mobile Interventions for Problem Gambling, Alcohol, and Drugs: A Systematic Review. Front Psychol, 8, 954. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00954

Karyotaki E, Ebert DD, Donkin L, Riper H, Twisk J, Burger S, Rozental A, Lange A, Williams A, Zarski AC, Geraets A, van Straten A, Kleiboer A, Meyer B, Unlu Ince BB, Buntrock C, Lehr D, Snoek FJ, Andrews G, Andersson G, Choi I, Ruwaard J, Klein JP, Newby JM et al. Do guided internet-based interventions result in clinically relevant changes for people with depression? An individual participant meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review. 2018; 63: 80-92.

Melia, R., Francis, K., Duggan, J., Bogue, J., O’Sullivan, M., Chambers, D., & Young, K. (2018). Mobile Health Technology Interventions for Suicide Prevention: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. JMIR Res Protoc, 7(1), e28. doi: 10.2196/resprot.8635

Milward, J., Drummond, C., Fincham-Campbell, S., & Deluca, P. (2018). What makes online substance-use interventions engaging? A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Digit Health, 4, 2055207617743354. doi: 10.1177/2055207617743354

Montagni, I., Tzourio, C., Cousin, T., Sagara, J., Bada-Alonzi, J., & Horgan, A. (2019). Mental Health-Related Digital Use by University Students: A Systematic Review. Telemed J E Health. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2018.0316

Nicholas, J., Larsen, M. E., Proudfoot, J., & Christensen, H. (2015). Mobile Apps for Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review of Features and Content Quality. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(8), e198. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4581

Pasarelu, C. R., Andersson, G., Bergman Nordgren, L., & Dobrean, A. (2017). Internet-delivered transdiagnostic and tailored cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Cogn Behav Ther, 46(1), 1-28. doi: 10.1080/16506073.2016.1231219

Rice, S. M., Goodall, J., Hetrick, S. E., Parker, A. G., Gilbertson, T., Amminger, G. P., . . . Alvarez-Jimenez, M. (2014). Online and social networking interventions for the treatment of depression in young people: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res, 16(9), e206. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3304

Rigabert, A., Motrico, E., Moreno-Peral, P., Resurreccion, D. M., Conejo-Ceron, S., Navas-Campana, D., & Bellon, J. A. (2018). Effectiveness of online interventions in preventing depression: a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open, 8(11), e022012. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022012
Saddichha, S., Al-Desouki, M., Lamia, A., Linden, I. A., & Krausz, M. (2014). Online interventions for depression and anxiety – a systematic review. Health Psychol Behav Med, 2(1), 841-881. doi: 10.1080/21642850.2014.945934

Schlegl, S., Bürger, C., Schmidt, L., Herbst, N., & Voderholzer, U. (2015). The potential of technology-based psychological interventions for anorexia and bulimia nervosa: a systematic review and recommendations for future research. J Med Internet Res, 17(3), e85. doi: 10.2196/jmir.3554

Tait, R. J., & Christensen, H. (2010). Internet-based interventions for young people with problematic substance use: a systematic review. Medical Journal of Australia, 192(11 Suppl), 15-21. Retrieved from

Vallury, K. D., Jones, M., & Oosterbroek, C. (2015). Computerized Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Anxiety and Depression in Rural Areas: A Systematic Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(6), e139. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4145

Vis, C., Mol, M., Kleiboer, A., Buhrmann, L., Finch, T., Smit, J., & Riper, H. (2018). Improving Implementation of eMental Health for Mood Disorders in Routine Practice: Systematic Review of Barriers and Facilitating Factors. JMIR Ment Health, 5(1), e20. doi: 10.2196/mental.9769

White, A., Kavanagh, D., Stallman, H., Klein, B., Kay-Lambkin, F., Proudfoot, J., . . . Young, R. (2010). Online alcohol interventions: a systematic review. J Med Internet Res, 12(5), e62. doi: 10.2196/jmir.1479

Wozney, L., McGrath, P. J., Gehring, N. D., Bennett, K., Huguet, A., Hartling, L., . . . Newton, A. S. (2018). eMental Healthcare Technologies for Anxiety and Depression in Childhood and Adolescence: Systematic Review of Studies Reporting Implementation Outcomes. JMIR Ment Health, 5(2), e48. doi: 10.2196/mental.9655

Bennett-Levy, J., Singer, J., DuBois, S., & Hyde, K. (2017). Translating E-Mental Health Into Practice: What Are the Barriers and Enablers to E-Mental Health Implementation by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Professionals. J Med Internet Res, 19(1), e1. doi: 10.2196/jmir.6269

Meurk, C., Leung, J., Hall, W., Head, B., & Whiteford, H. (2016). Establishing and Governing e-Mental Health Care in Australia: A Systematic Review of Challenges and A Call For Policy-Focussed Research. J Med Internet Res, 18(1), e10. doi: 10.2196/jmir.4827

Vis, C., Mol, M., Kleiboer, A., Buhrmann, L., Finch, T., Smit, J., & Riper, H. (2018). Improving Implementation of eMental Health for Mood Disorders in Routine Practice: Systematic Review of Barriers and Facilitating Factors. JMIR Ment Health, 5(1), e20. doi: 10.2196/mental.9769

Wozney, L., McGrath, P. J., Gehring, N. D., Bennett, K., Huguet, A., Hartling, L., . . . Newton, A. S. (2018). eMental Healthcare Technologies for Anxiety and Depression in Childhood and Adolescence: Systematic Review of Studies Reporting Implementation Outcomes. JMIR Ment Health, 5(2), e48. doi: 10.2196/mental.9655

Andersson, G. (2018). Internet interventions: Past, present and future. Internet Interv, 12, 181-188. doi: 10.1016/j.invent.2018.03.008
Burns, J., Birrell, E., Bismark, M., Pirkis, J., Davenport, T., Hickie, I., . . . Ellis, L. (2016). The role of technology in Australian youth mental health reform. Aust Health Rev, 40(5), 584-590. doi: 10.1071/AH15115

Carswell, K., Harper-Shehadeh, M., Watts, S., Van’t Hof, E., Abi Ramia, J., Heim, E., . . . van Ommeren, M. (2018). Step-by-Step: a new WHO digital mental health intervention for depression. Mhealth, 4, 34. doi: 10.21037/mhealth.2018.08.01

Jorm, A. F., Morgan, A. J., & Malhi, G. S. (2013). The future of e-mental health. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47(2), 104-106. doi: 10.1177/0004867412474076

Mohr, D., Weingardt, K., Reddy, M., & Schueller, S. (2017). Three Problems With Current Digital Mental Health Research . . . and Three Things We Can Do About Them. Psychiatr Serv, 68(5), 427-429. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201600541

Naslund, J. A., Shidhaye, R., & Patel, V. (2019). Digital Technology for Building Capacity of Nonspecialist Health Workers for Task Sharing and Scaling Up Mental Health Care Globally. Harv Rev Psychiatry. doi: 10.1097/HRP.0000000000000217

Nickolai, T., Heather, D. H., Olav, N., David, C. M., Gerhard, A., & Blake, F. D. (2019). From Research to Practice: Ten Lessons in Delivering Digital Mental Health Services. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(8), 1239. doi: 10.3390/jcm8081239

Orman, J., & O’Dea, B. (2018). e-Therapy in primary care mental health. Aust J Gen Pract, 47(4), 168-172. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29621855

Raney, L., Bergman, D., Torous, J., & Hasselberg, M. (2017). Digitally Driven Integrated Primary Care and Behavioral Health: How Technology Can Expand Access to Effective Treatment. Curr Psychiatry Rep, 19(11), 86. doi: 10.1007/s11920-017-0838-y
Marshall, J. M., Dunstan, D. A., & Bartik, W. Clinical or gimmickal: The use and effectiveness of mobile mental health apps for treating anxiety and depression. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 0(0), 0004867419876700. doi: 10.1177/0004867419876700

Ruwaard, J., Lange, A., Schrieken, B., Dolan, C. V., & Emmelkamp, P. (2012). The effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral treatment in routine clinical practice. PLoS One, 7(7), e40089. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040089

Sheehan, R., & Hassiotis, A. (2017). Digital mental health and intellectual disabilities: state of the evidence and future directions. Evidence Based Mental Health, 20(4), 107-111. doi: 10.1136/eb-2017-102759

Tal, A., & Torous, J. (Singer-songwriters). (2017). The digital mental health revolution: Opportunities and risks. On Psychiatr Rehabil J. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28891658

Thomas, N., Foley, F., Lindblom, K., & Lee, S. (2017). Are people with severe mental illness ready for online interventions? Access and use of the Internet in Australian mental health service users. Australas Psychiatry, 25(3), 257-261. doi: 10.1177/1039856217689913

Torous, J., Andersson, G., Bertagnoli, A., Christensen, H., Cuijpers, P., Firth, J., . . . Arean, P. A. (2019). Towards a consensus around standards for smartphone apps and digital mental health. World Psychiatry, 18(1), 97-98. doi: 10.1002/wps.20592

Wisniewski, H., Liu, G., Henson, P., Vaidyam, A., Hajratalli, N. K., Onnela, J. P., & Torous, J. (2019). Understanding the quality, effectiveness and attributes of top-rated smartphone health apps. Evid Based Ment Health, 22(1), 4-9. doi: 10.1136/ebmental-2018-300069